'/> Amazing Animals: May 2013

Sunday, May 26, 2013

A Cat’s Tale: Some Misconception

Do you think you know all about cats? Then, read on to find out the truth about 10 cat’s misconceptions.

Cats are such wonderful animals that most families adopt as house pets. But did you know that there are some cat’s myths that for decades many people believed in. Read on to know what is the truth about these misconceptions.

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Some people think that cats are rubies-free. In reality, most warm-blooded mammals can carry rabies that is why it is best that your pet cats should be given anti rabies vaccination.

Many thought that cat will land feet first on the ground if drop from high places. That may be true, by sheer instinct, cats can accomplish such feat, but in the process may obtain broken bones.

Unlike outdoor cats which are exposed to filthy environment and prone to diseases, house cats are not. That is the case, indoor cats are still exposed to airborne illness. And also, by nature, cats are social able animals so, though you kept them at home there will be instances that it will venture outdoors.

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Some think that whiskers aid cats maintain their balance, Definitely not! Whiskers help cats to feel their surroundings.

Many believed that neutered cats are much stockier that those that are not. But that should not be the case, since cats are neutered at a time that their craving for foods is on the decline.

It is a common belief that cat get tapeworms from feeding on bad foods. Actually, the main cause why cats get tape worms is by swallowing fleas, which is a tape worm carrier.

Another popular cat’s tale is that of garlic, which is a very effective way to get rid of parasites including tapeworms. There is no truth to this myth, adding garlic to a cat’s food will not kill tapeworms, garlic will only make the food tastier.

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Many cat owners believed that by adding milk to their cats’ daily diet will make them healthier. The truth is, feeding your pet cat with too much milk will lead to diarrhea. Milk should be given in moderation.

We often hear from old folks that pregnant woman should never get in contact with cats. Is there truth to this? Actually, some cats can be infected with parasitic organisms which can be transmitted to humans through cat litter boxes. These harmful organisms can cause serious problems in unborn babies. Staying away from cats or litter boxes can solve the problem.

Have you noticed your cat licking its wound. Some say it aids in healing the affected areas. That is wrong! Such licking can further aggravate the wound.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Elegant Looking “E” Animals

The animal kingdom comprises more than two million species; some beautiful and colorful while others are odd-looking and bizarre. If you are asked to name 10 popular animals that begins with the letter E, how would you do it?

Guess, the first five animals that you could give are: elephant, eagle, emperor penguin, elephant seal and earthworm. Below is my own list of popular animals that starts with the letter E.

The Egret

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The Great Egret (Ardea alba), a large bird, long-legged, with all-white plumage is found throughout tropical regions of the world. They can reach one meter in height and weigh up to one kilogram, Great egrets have a yellow bill and black legs and feet. Males and females are identical in appearance.

Great egrets live near salt or fresh water, and feed in shallow water, ponds, streams, and other drier habitats. They snare prey by standing still for long periods awaiting unsuspecting prey to come by. Its diet includes: fish, frogs, mice, reptiles, amphibians and occasionally small birds. These birds nest in trees, near water. Great egrets are monogamous, and both parents incubate their three to four eggs It has a slow flight, with its neck retracted.

The Eyelash Viper

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The Eyelash Viper (Bothriechis schlegelii) is a relatively small species of snake found in Central and South America. Small that rarely exceed 75 cm in length and arboreal, they have a wide, triangular-shaped head. Eyelash viper’s most distinguishing features, is its eyelashes-like set of modified scales over the eyes. They are characterized by their wide range of color variations, including yellow, green, red, brown, green, even pink.

Eyelash vipers inhabit humid, low altitude tropical areas with dense plants and near a permanent water source. These aggressive and nocturnal snakes feed on frogs, lizards, rodents and small birds. A swift hunter, it waits patiently for unsuspecting prey to pass by. Eyelash vipers give birth to an average of 10–12 young on a yearly basis.

The Echidna

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Echidnas, also known as spiny anteaters, are small mammals that are covered with brownish-black or grayish rough hair and yellow spines. They live in New Guinea and Australia. Together with the Platypus, they are the only surviving species of monotremes, an order of egg laying mammals. The echidna is 43 to 71 cm long and weighs 2.3 to 10 kg.

Echidnas are powerful diggers with large claws and short, strong limbs. They have snouts which have the functions of both the mouth and nose. Their tongues have tiny spines that help capture their meals. Using their snouts, echidnas feed by tearing open soft logs, anthills and the like.

The Earwig

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Earwigs are dark, reddish-brown insects in the order Dermaptera which are characterized by the pincer-like projections (cerci) on the tip of the abdomen. There are more than 1,000 extant species of earwigs found in North America and Europe. Earwigs can reach up 1 inch long and have three pairs of legs. They are elongated, flattened with flexible and muscular abdomen.

Earwigs are generally nocturnal and hide during the day in small, dark, and moist areas. They can be found in mulch, underneath rocks, organic debris, piles of lawn clippings, or in tree holes. Earwigs feed on living or dead plant material, algae, fungi, mosses and some insects. Indoors, their food consists of sweet, oily and greasy foods.

The Elk

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The Elk (Cervus canadensis),are related to deer, but are much bigger. A native to North America, elk or wapiti, adapted well to countries where it was introduced including, Eastern Asia, Argentina and New Zealand. They are found in forest and other grassy areas, feeding on plants, leaves, grasses and bark.

A male elk’s antlers grow up to 41.2 meters above its head, which are shed each March and again start to grow in May, just in time for the mating season. Adults typically stay in single-sex groups for the most part of the year. However, when breeding season commences, adult males (bulls) compete for the attentions of the cows. They will engage in in ritualized mating behaviors such as bugling, posturing, and antler wrestling (sparring). During the breeding season the bugling of bull elk echoes through the mountains which can be heard for miles. The bull which bugle more and have the loudest call get the female's attention.

The Common Eider

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The Common Eider (Somateria mollissima) is a large, colorful sea duck that reaches up to 50-70 cm in body length and weighs up to 3 kilograms. They are found throughout the coast of North America, Europe and Siberia. There are four Common Eider races in North America, distinguishable by their body size and bill structure.

The Common Eider is characterized by its large, long wedge-shaped bill. Adult males have bright white, black, and green plumage while females are dull brown in plumage with black barring. Eiders breed along the coastal islands near an ocean. They may nest colonies numbering over 1,000.

European Fire Salamander

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The Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra) is a very famous salamander species in Europe. This black and yellow-striped salamander lives in deciduous forests and spend much of their time hiding under stones, mossy tree trunks and fallen leaves. The fire salamander can reach 8 inches in length. Fire salamanders are usually nocturnal but on rainy days they are active in daytime as well. A good hunter, they feed on spiders, slugs, earthworm and other small insects.

The Emperor Shrimp

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The Emperor Shrimp (Periclimenes imperator) is a commensal shrimp that lives side by side with sea cucumbers and sea slugs. They are found in deep reef, back reef, lagoons, and coastal bay. A distinctive mark is its typical duck-billed appearance. Color pattern varies, but usually are orange-red with some white spot along the back. The claws and legs are purple in color.

Living with different species of sea cucumber or sea snail, enable Emperor shrimps to find food (in the sand moved by the sea cucumber, for example). Also, Emperor shrimps have been observed feeding on the fecal pellets of sea slugs.

The Ermine

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The Ermine (Mustela erminea) is a small mammal of the family Mustelidae, which includes weasels, ferrets, minks, skunks, otters, badgers. They are found in the Arctic tundra of North America, Asia, and Europe.

Ermine or stoat has a slender body, big eyes, long snout and very short legs. On average, ermine reaches 10 inches (25 cm) in length and can weigh up to 299 grams. They have brown to yellow-brown fur and the tail‘s tip is often black. During winter, ermine grows white fur, but the tip of the tail remains black.

Ermine are nocturnal and hunt for prey during the night. Its diet includes: small mammals, birds, small reptiles, fish and insects. A very skillful tree climber, they are ferocious hunters who find prey primarily by using their keen sense of smell. Ermine is capable of killing animals much larger than itself.

Monday, May 13, 2013

Meet The Special Cats: The Rare, The Hybrid and The Mutants

A list of some special breeds of cat.

If we talk about cat’s breed, what comes first to our mind are Persian cat, Siamese cat, Maine Coon cat, or even Burmese cats. I will not disagree with the list since the mentioned breeds are today’s most popular breeds of cat. But there are other breeds of cat that are worthy of making it to the list. Listed below are some of them.

American Curl

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The American Curl is a breed of cat that originated in Lakewood, California. It was a result of natural mutation as first reported by Joe and Grace Raga, who found two kittens at their doorsteps. They named them, Panda and Shulamith respectively. Shulamith, with an ear mutation became the foundation female of the American Curl breed.

This cat’s breed recognizable feature is its unusual ears, which curl back from the face toward the back of the skull. At birth, American Curl ears are straight, but after two to ten days, their ears begin to curl back. This strong and healthy medium sized cat has soft, silky coats which lie flat against its body. Both long-haired and short-haired curls possess these features that require little grooming.

American Curls are very sociable and affectionate. They are smart and curious and love to help their owners. They are extremely people-oriented and affectionate. They are well known for their “head bumping” antics just to get your attention.


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The Manx breed originated in the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea, having a genetic mutation of the spine. This mutation shortens the tail, thus producing kittens with varying tail lengths from normal to a tiny stub or no tail at all. Despite the absence of tail, Manx has no difficulty maintaining its balance, since its long legs and round features helps in dealing with the problem. The Manx is a medium-sized cat with sturdy bone structure. It has a round head with cute eyes and a small nose. Its hind legs are longer than the front legs. Ears are smaller than most cat breeds. Manx can come in any color, such as: Calico, Tabby, Tortoise-shell, Tabby, Calico, and all solid coat colors.

The Manx can come in five varieties:

* the ‘Rumpy’ – no tail whatsoever

* the ‘Riser’ – which has no tail stub except for several vertebrae under the fur

* the ‘Stubby’ – half tail, or short tail

* The ‘Stumpy’ – partial tail, from one to five inches long

* ‘Tailed’, which has a complete tail.

Scottish Fold

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The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat that is a result of a spontaneous mutation that makes its ear cartilage contain a fold, giving the cat an “owl-like” appearance. The breed was discovered by William and Mollie Ross in 1961 in Scotland. All Scottish Fold cats share a common ancestry with a white barn cat named Susie and her producing offspring Snooks. All Scottish Folds are born with straight, unfolded ears, however, folded ears will begin to show after about three weeks for those having Fold gene.

The Scottish Fold is a medium-size cat, with males weighing between 9 to 13 lbs. (6-9 lbs for females). The Fold’s head and face, is generally well rounded with a firm chin and jaw, the nose will be short with a gentle curve, the eyes wide open and the ears fold forward and downward.

The Scottish Fold Cats are found in a variety of coats and patterns. They are gentle, calm, affectionate and easygoing cats that love staying indoors. They are excellent hunters and ideal family cats.

Cornish Rex

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This breed is a genetic mutation that was discovered in 1950 in Cornwall, England. Cornish Rex mutation was its coat, which has deep over the entire body. The breed originated from a litter of kittens born on a farm. One of the kittens, named Kallibunker (the first Cornish Rex), a cream-colored male had an very unusual, fine and curly coat.

Cornish Rex cats are small to medium sized cats having long, slim, agile bodies. The eyes and ears are large. Oval-shaped head with hollow cheeks, high cheekbones, and high cheekbones. The coat is soft, very short, and lies close to the body. Coat’s colors and patterns vary, including black, chocolate, white, blue, orange cream and lilac for solid and classic, ticked and mackerel for all forms of tabby.

The Rex is charming, delightful, captivating and extremely curious. They are perfect pets for timid children and owners who wants active and people-oriented cats.

Devon Rex

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This breed of cat is a result of natural mutation that first reported in Buckfastleigh, Devon, England in 1960. Kirlee, a black male kitten with a soft, curly, and short coat was the foundation cat for this breed.

Devons are medium sized cats with a medium body frame, noses are slightly upturned and large ears. Adult males average six to nine pounds. They have wide heads and large eyes. Unlike most cats their whiskers are very short. Devon Rex cats come in all color patterns.

The typical Devon is intelligent, playful, affectionate, active and very people-oriented. They are relatively easy to take care of. Their large ears require occasional cleaning and a nail-trim is all the grooming most Devons require.


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This breed is a hybrid that is the result of a breeding experiment done in 1964 by Virginia Daly, involving Siamese and Abyssinians. Though the breed resembles an ocelot, there is no ‘wild’ DNA in the Ocicat’s gene pool.

The Ocicat is a large, muscular cat with a short tight coat. It is a very outgoing breed that can easily be trained to do certain dog tricks such as; fetch, sit, come when called, lie down on command or readily adapt to household rules. Ocicats are also very friendly and make great family pets for people who want to bond with their cat.

They are easy to keep and require minimal care. Their short coats need only the occasional bathing and grooming. The breed was accepted into the CFA in 1966, but have to wait for 20 years to advance to championship status until 1987.


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This medium-sized cat is a natural breed that traces its origin to the streets of Singapore. “Singapura” is the Malaysian word for Singapore which means “Lion City”. In 1975, after a working stint in Singapore, Tommy and Hal Meadow came back to the US bringing along with them three local brown kittens.

The Singapura is one of the smallest breeds of cats; Shorthaired, quite stocky with large eyes and ears, and blunt tail. The Singapura’s is intelligent, sociable, playful, active, curious, a demonstrative cat that insists on helping you with everything. A rare breed, Singapura was finally accepted into the CFA in 1982 and reached championship status in 1988.


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The Tonkinese is a cross between Siamese and Burmese cat breeds. It inherited the good traits of a Burmese and the intelligence of a Siamese. A typical Tonkinese cat has a muscular body, wedge-shaped head, large ears and oval-shaped paws.

Tomkinese are friendly, warm and loving, highly intelligent, playful, lively and at times a talkative cat. However, they can be mischievous if they become lonesome or bored.

Tonkinese come in rainbow colors including natural, champagne, blue and platinum. The three main patterns are solid, pointed and mink.


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The Sphynx is a breed of cat that is a result of a natural mutation first reported in Toronto, Canada in 1966. It appears to be a hairless cat, although it is not truly without hair. It is a medium-sized cat, sturdy body built, large eyes, and pot bellies. Their skin is the color their fur would be, and all the usual cat marking patterns (solid, point, van, tabby, tortie, etc) may be found in Sphynx too.

Sphynx are very friendly and sociable. They exhibit a high level of intelligence, energy, affection and curiosity for their owners. They can easily be trained to fetch things and often perform silly antics for your entertainment.

Though lacking coats, Sphinx are not maintenance-free. They need regular cleaning. In general, Sphynx cats should never be allowed outdoors unattended, as they have limited means to conserve body heat in colder temperatures.

Russian Blue

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This breed of cat comes only in silver-blue coat. It is a naturally occurring breed that traced its roots in the port of Arkhangelsk, Russia. Its main outstanding features is its short, dense coat of an even, bright blue color with each hair dipped in silver. the Russian Blue has large, rounded, wide-opened green eyes. Also, it has a wedge-shaped head and large pointed ears.

The Russian Blue is known to be highly intelligent, gentle, and very affectionate cats. They tend to be quiet and reserved around strangers. They also develop close bonds with their owners. A Russian Blue is a perfect choice for the modern home because of their personalities and unique coat. The Russian requires a minimum of grooming with periodic nail clipping.

Monday, May 6, 2013

10 Charismatic Animals Whose Names Begin with The Letter D

From the fascinating mallard ducks to the gentle Dugongs, these animals whose names start with the letter D simply capture the imaginations of many.

The animal kingdom comprises more than two million species; some beautiful and colorful while others are odd-looking and bizarre. If you are asked to name 10 popular animals that begins with the letter D, how would you do it? Below is my own list of popular animals that starts with the letter D.

Mallard Duck

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The Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), is a migratory duck which breeds throughout the temperate and sub-tropical areas of New Zealand, Australia, Asia, Africa, and across the Northern Hemisphere. This dabbling duck prefers calm, shallow freshwaters, but is sometimes found in wetlands and salt waters. On average, mallard duck grows to about 56–65 cm long, weighs 0.9–1.2 kg and a wingspan of about 81–98 cm.

A distinguishable feature of Mallard Duck is the male’s green head and yellow bill, but sport shimmering purple-blue wing feathers that can be seen as a patch on their sides. A noisy species, the male has a nasal call, the female has a “quack” stereotypically associated with ducks. During mating season, mated pairs migrate to and breed in the northern parts of their range and build nests on the ground.

African wild dog

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The African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus) is a carnivorous mammal native only to Africa, found in open plains, wooded areas and in scrub savanna. Other name includes: the Spotted Dog, Painted Hunting Dog, the Cape Hunting Dog, or the Painted Wolf. African wild dogs are lean, long-legged animals which can grow up to 75 to 110 cm at the shoulder and can weigh about 18 to 36 kg. Unlike dogs, African wild dogs have only four toes per foot, big rounded ears, and each animal has its own unique fur color. Its irregular coat can feature patches of red, brown, yellow, white and black fur.

These canines are social animals living in a pack led by a monogamous breeding pair. Social interactions are common like sharing food and aiding weak or sick members; touch, actions, and vocalizations are some of the known methods of communication used by group members.

Hunting in packs, The African Wild Dogs chase its prey in a wide, open space. After a successful hunt, the pack goes back to the den carrying food in their mouth to feed those who are left behind such as females and pups. The African Wild Dog’s diet includes: hoofed animals such as Impala, large birds like Ostriches, and other big animals, such as zebras and wildebeests. With diminishing open spaces, African wild dogs are now considered endangered animals. They are also quite susceptible to diseases spread by domestic animals.

White-tailed deer

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White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus),is a medium-sized, long-legged, fast-moving deer found in almost all states of America, Mexico, Canada, and Central and South America. It lives in marshes, grasslands, farmland, rainforests, conifer forests, and deciduous forests. White-tailed Deer can grow to about 1.8 to 2.4m tall at the shoulder. On average, males (bucks) weigh about 160 kilos females (does) weigh up to 80 kilos.

During summer, an adult White-tailed Deer has reddish-brown coat which turns to grayish-brown in winter. A buck can easily be recognized sporting a set of antlers having several times. During the mating season (rut), bucks fight over territory by using their antlers. Female deer give birth to one to three fawns (young deer), usually in May or June. These young deer, sport a reddish-brown coat with white spots.

The White-tailed Deer is an herbivore and has four-chambered stomach. This nocturnal, ruminant mammal feeds on a diet that includes; fruits, leaves, twigs, nuts, corn, cactus, grass and even poisonous mushrooms.

In the wild, predators such as mountain lions, bobcats and coyotes preyed on young white-tailed deer. When it senses danger, it wag its tail, and it uses its speed to outrun predators. In so doing, it can sprint up 48 kilometers per hour, leaps up to 3 meters and can run as far as 9 meters in a single bound.

Tasmanian devil

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The Tasmanian Devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is the world’s largest carnivorous marsupial found in the island state of Tasmania, Australia. Tasmanian devil has stocky, squat and muscular body, with a large head, long whiskers and black fur. Notable traits include; releasing pungent odor when harassed, creating extremely loud screech, and fierceness when feeding. It can grow up to 76 centimeters long and can weigh up to 12 kilograms. Although a strictly carnivorous, a Tasmanian devil also hunts for small preys such as wombats, snakes, small native mammals, sheep, birds, frogs, reptiles, fish, and insects.

Tasmanian devils are known to display “devilish” acts which include lunging, teeth-baring, lunging, and loud and wild growls when threatened by a predator, fighting for a mate, or defending a meal. A nocturnal animal, Tasmanian devils spent the day alone in burrows and hollow logs and appears at night to hunt.


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The Dingo (Canis lupus dingo)is commonly referred to as Australia’s wild dog, though it is also found in Thailand. It is a domestic dog which has reverted to a wild state for thousands of years and today lives largely independent from humans in the majority of its distribution. The dingo shares similar characteristics with other South-East Asian domestic dogs and Indian pariah dogs.

The average dingo grows to about 52–60 cm tall at the shoulders and weighs to about 10 to 15 kg. measures 117 to 124 cm from nose to tag. The average weight is 13 to 20 kg. It has a fairly large head, erect ears and a pointed muzzle. Most dingoes are bi-colored, though there are some red individuals and the rare white dingoes. All other color patterns are a result of interbreeding with domestic dogs. with other domestic dogs.

Dingoes may hunt alone or in packs consisting of up to 10 individuals. Dingoes are opportunistic hunters, preying on small animals such as: rodents, rabbits, lizards and birds. Though dingoes breed only once a year, females can give birth to a maximum of five letters. Baby dingoes will depend on her mother for food and protection up until they reach eight months. Also, hybrid ones have been produced since dingoes interbreed with domestic dogs. Having a large population, farmers considered them as pests. Proof of this is the famous “dingo fence” that has been erected to protect grazing lands and herds of sheep.

Prairie Dog

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Prairie dogs (Cynomys) Is rabbit-sized rodents native to the grasslands of North America. They live in underground burrows on prairies and open grasslands. These ground squirrels (not dog) have five different species, namely: Gunnison, Mexico, Utah, white-tailed sand black-tailed prairie dogs. There are five different species of prairie dogs: black-tailed, white-tailed, Gunnison, Utah, and Mexican prairie dogs.

Prairie dogs are mainly herbivores, but at times eat some insects. Prairie dogs can give birth to 1-6 pups yearly, which are born blind and furless and require a month of close nurturing of their mother.

They are highly social animals living in colonies or “town” which are composed of other families living in a strict social hierarchy. Family groups (a male, a few females, and their young) live in burrows, and have assigned tasks such as sharing food, guarding burrows against other prairie dogs, and groom one another. burrows and cooperate to share food, chase off other prairie dogs, and groom one another. A dog kiss is a familiar greeting between family members.

These rodents are well adapted to predators. They can detect possible threats from a far distance using their dichromatic color vision, and then with a high-pitched call alert other prairie dogs the presence of imminent predators. Their burrows generally contain several routes of escape.

Prairie dogs are mainly herbivores but at times eat some insects. It feeds primarily on grasses and, in the fall, broadleaf forbs. Prairie dogs have 1-6 pups (babies) yearly, which are born blind and furless and need about 30 days of close nurturing from their mother.

Bottlenose dolphins

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Common Bottlenose Dolphin (Ursiops truncates) is the most popular species from the family Delphinidae. Much of its popularity is due to the wide exposure it gets from many aquarium shows, in movies and television programs. Who will ever forget Flipper! Bottlenose dolphins can be trained to perform complex tricks.

The dolphin species are found in all tropical oceans and warm and seas. The Common Bottlenose Dolphin has short and is grey in color and can be between 2 and 4 metres (6.6 and 13 ft) long, and weigh between 150 and 650 kilograms (330 and 1,400 lbs). It has a short and distinct snout, grey in color and can reach up to 3 to 4 m long and can weigh to about 500 kg.

In the wild, Bottle dolphins can reach a speed of over 30 kilometers an hour. They travel in groups called pods which vary in sizes, from a group of 15 to over 100 or at times reaching 1000 animals. The Common Bottlenose Dolphin also uses sound for communication–emitting snapping sounds and listen back to echo to know the exact location of objects nearby, including potential prey. By means of echolocation, they tract their potential prey which may include: shrimps, squids, eels, and wide variety of fishes. Bottleneck dolphins don‘t swallow foods instead they chew it!

Komodo Dragon

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The Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis) is the heaviest living species of lizard native to the islands of Komodo, Flores, and Gili Motang in Indonesia. It is a venomous lizard that will grow up to 3 meters and weighs up to 150 kg. Komodo dragons are the heaviest lizards on Earth. They have elongated flat heads, bowed legs, large, strong tails and scaly skin.

Having a poor sense of hearing, Komodo dragons rely on their tongue to feel the air, smell and taste things around them. Being the leading predators, Komodos will eat anything that comes their way. These foods may include: deer, pigs, small Komodos, water buffalo and carrions.

To catch prey, Komodo dragons lie in wait and when an innocent prey When hunting, a Komodo dragon lies in wait for passing prey. When a victim walks by, it immediately jumps on the innocent victim, using its strong legs, sharp claws and serrated teeth to disembowel its prey.

Animals that are lucky enough to escape a Komodo’s jaw escape will have to worry about another thing — the dragon’s venomous saliva. the jaws of a Komodo will only feel lucky briefly. Its saliva swarms with several strains enough to kill a victim within a day due to blood poisoning.

Leafy Sea Dragon

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The leafy Sea Dragon, Phycodurus eques, is a marine fish endemic to the waters of southern and western Australia. They are related to pipefish and seahorses. Leafy sea dragon’s body sports a brown to yellow color pattern, long, pipe-like snouts, and olive-tinted thin tails. It will grow to about 35 centimeters.

The Leafy Sea Dragon propels itself using its pectoral fins located at the edge of its neck and dorsal located on its back near its tail. Its lobes of skin resemble that of seaweed allowing it to camouflage with its surroundings. Like seahorses, sea dragon males are responsible for childbearing. However, unlike seahorses that have a pouch, male sea dragons instead have a spongy brood patch where females deposit their bright-pink eggs during mating.

Sea dragons feed on small crustaceans, plankton, shrimp, small fish. and sea lice. It catches its prey using its ability to be camouflaged.


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The Dugong (Dugong dugon) is a large marine mammal which are related to manatees, is one of four extant species of the order Sirenia. But do you know that both mammals are related to the elephant. Dugongs will grow to about 2.4 to 3 meters and can weigh up to 231 to 499 kg. These mammals can stay underwater for six minutes before surfacing and at times breathe by “standing” on their tail with their heads above water.

Dugongs are exclusively bottom feeders; their diet consist mainly of sea-grass. Their primary feeding mechanism is uprooting sea-grass by digging furrows in the sea floor with their snouts. Dugongs graze on underwater grasses day and night, uprooting them by digging furrows in the sea floor with their snouts.

Dugongs spend much of their time alone or in pairs, though they are sometimes seen gathered in large herds of a hundred animals. Female dugongs give birth to a single calf after about a 13-month gestation. A baby Dugong swims close to her mother for about 18 months.

Check out the entire Animal Alphabet list here:
Amazing Animal Alphabet Series 1
Amazing Animal Alphabet Series 2